Usually, minor burns require just a simple home treatment to promote their healing and relieve your symptoms. However, if it comes to more severe injury, make sure you visit your doctor ASAP. The most important thing in this case, is to use first-aid measures until you arrive at the emergency room.
Immediate First Aid for Burns
The first and most important thing to do is stop the burning!
1.Thermal or Heat Burns. Cover any flames with a blanket or water. Don’t run if your clothing catches fire. Instead stop, and just roll on the ground to smother the flames.
2.Cold Temperature Burns. Warm the areas with first aid measures. If smaller parts of your body like your face, ears, fingers, nose, and toes are frozen or really cold, warm them by putting them in warm water, tucking them inside your clothing, or blowing warm air on them.
3. Liquid Scald Burns. In this type of burns, you shouldn’t use ice. Instead, run cool tap water over the affected area for 10-20 minutes.
4.Electrical Burns. The person needs to be separated from the electrical source as soon as possible. Then, check for heartbeat and breathing. If s/he doesn’t have a heartbeat, or is not breathing, call 911 immediately.
5.Chemical Burns. First of all, discover which chemical has caused the burn. For example, chili peppers and other natural foods contain a skin-irritant chemical which can cause a burning sensation.
For more information on how to treat this type of burn, call the National Poison Control Hotline (1-800-222-1222) or your local Poison Control Center.
6.Hot plastic or Tar burns. It’s important to run cold water over the hot plastic or hot tar in order to cool them.
Check your body to see if you have other injuries than the burn.
Remove any clothing or jewelry at the site of the affected area. But, you shouldn’t remove the clothing if it’s stuck to the burn. Instead, cut around the stuck material to remove loose material. If you leave any jewelry, you might not be able to remove them later if swelling appears.
Prepare for an Evaluation by a Doctor
Reduce the risk of infection by covering the affected area with a clean, dry cloth
Don’t put any medicine or salve on the affected area. In this way, you will help your doctor properly assess the burn.
Contrary to popular belief, putting butter or ice on a burned area won’t help. What’s more, it can even harm the skin tissue.